Practitioner Briefs


Practitioner Brief: Using Data Maps to Examine Racialization of Behavioral Problems and Transform Schools from the Ground-up
Aydin Bal, Dian Mawene, Elizabeth Schrader & Scott Pelton


Practitioner Brief: Culturally Responsive School-Family Partnership
Kathleen Thorius, Esmeralda Rodriguez & Aydin Bal


Practitioner Brief: Culturally Responsive Positive Behavioral Support Matters
Aydin Bal, Kathleen King Thorius & Elizabeth Kozleski
Equity Alliance






Bal, A. (2017). System of disability. Critical Education, 8(6), 1-27. PDF


Bal, A., Betters-Bubon, J., & Fish, R. (in press). A multilevel analysis of statewide disproportionality in exclusionary discipline and the identification of emotional disturbance. Education and Urban Society.

Artiles, A. J., Dorn, S., & Bal, A. (2016). Objects of protection, enduring nodes of difference: Disability intersections with “other” differences, 1916–2016. Review of Research in Education, 40(1), 777–820. PDF

Bal, A. (2016). From intervention to innovation: A cultural-historical approach to the racialization of school discipline. Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education, 47, 409-427. PDF

Bal. A., Schrader, E., Afacan, K., & Mawene, D. (2016). Using Learning Labs for culturally responsive positive behavioral supports and interventions. Intervention in School and Clinic, 52(2), 122–128. PDF

Bal, A. & Trainor, A. A. (2016). Culturally responsive research rubric for experimental intervention studies: The development of a rubric for paradigm expansion. Review of Educational Research, 86(2),319-359. PDF

Bal, A., Kozleski, E. B., Schrader, E. M., Rodriguez, E. M., & Pelton, S. (2014). Systemic transformation in school: Using Learning Lab to design culturally responsive schoolwide positive behavioral supports. Remedial and Special Education, 35(6), 327–339. PDF

Bal, A., Sullivan, A., & Harper, J. (2014). A situated analysis of special education disproportionality for systemic change in an urban school district. Remedial and Special Education, 35(1), 3-14. PDF

Bal, A., & Arzubiaga, A. (2014). Ahıska refugee students’ configuration of resettlement and academic success in U.S. schools. Urban Education, 49, 635–665. PDF

Bal, A. (2014). Becoming in/competent learners in the United States: Refugee students’ academic identities in figured worlds of difference. International Multilingual Research Journal, 8(2), 271–290. PDF

Trainor, A. A., & Bal, A. (2014). Development and preliminary analysis of a rubric for culturally responsive research. The Journal of Special Education, 47, 203–216.

Bal, A., & Perzigian, A. (2013). Evidence-based interventions forimmigrant students experiencing behavioral problems: A systematic review of the literature. Education and Treatment of Children, 36, 5-28. PDF

Sullivan, A., & Bal, A. (2013). Disproportionality in special eductaion: Effects of individual and school variables on disability risk. Exceptional Children, 79, 475-494.

Bal, A., & Radke, T. E. (2013). Diverse perspectives on social-interactional strengths in children with disabilities: A socioecological study. International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, 5, 15-29.

Artiles, A. J., King Thorius, K., Bal, A., Waitoller, F., Neal, R., & Hernandez Saca, D. (2011). Beyond culture as group traits: Future of learning disabilities, ontology, epistemology, and research knowledge use. Learning Disability Quarterly, 34, 167-179.

Artiles, A. J., Bal, A., & King Thorius, K. (2010).Back to the future: A critique of response to intervention’s social justice views. Theory Into Practice, 49, 250-257.

Artiles, A. J., & Bal, A. (2008). The next generation of disproportionality research: Toward a comparative model in the study of equity in ability differences. The Journal of Special Education, 42, 4-14.

Bal, A. (2008). Posttraumatic stress disorder in Turkish child and adolescent survivors three years after the Marmara Earthquake. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 13, 134-139.

Bal, A., & Jensen, B. (2007). Examination of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom clusters in young Turkish trauma survivors. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 16, 449-457.




Lo Bianco, J., & Bal, A. (Eds.)(2016). Learning from difference: Comparative accounts of multicultural education. London, UK: Springer.

Bal, A. (2011). Culturally responsive school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports framework. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.




Bal, A. (2016). From deficit to expansive learning: Policies, outcomes, and possibilities for multicultural education and systemic transformation in the United States. In J. Lo Bianco, & A.Bal (Eds.), Learning from difference: Comparative accounts of multicultural education. London, UK: Springer.

Lo Bianco, J., & Bal, A. (2016). Difference: Its expansion and consequences. In Lo Bianco, J., & A. Bal (Eds.), Learning from difference: Comparative accounts of multicultural education. London, UK: Springer

Bal, A. (2012). Participatory social justice for all. In L. G. Denti & P. A. Whang (Eds.), Rattling chains: Exploring social justice in education (pp. 99-110). Boston, MA: Sense Publishers.

Peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings


Engeström, Y., Sannino, A., Bal, A., Lotz-Sisitka, H., Pesanayi, T., Chikunda, C., ... & Lee, Y. J. (2016). Agentive learning for sustainability and equity: Communities, cooperatives and social movements as emerging foci of the learning sciences. In C.-K. Looi, J. Polman, U.


Cress & P. Reimann (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference of the Learning Sciences  (ISLS) 2016 (Vol. 2, pp. 1048-1054). Singapore: ISLS.




Bal. A. (2016, April). Implementing a multitier system of academic and behavioral support. Keynote delivered at the 4th meeting of Kuwait Association for Learning Differences (KALD), American University of Kuwait, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

Bal, A. (2016, March). Learning Lab: Building culturally responsive behavioral support systems. Keynote delivered at the Cooperative Educational Service Agency (CESA) 12 Conference, Ashland, WI.


Bal, A. (2015, June). Culturally responsive positive behavioral interventions and supports. Keynote delivered at the University of Arizona Safe and Supportive Schools Conference, Phoenix, AZ.


Bal, A. (2014, April). Building culturally responsive school discipline systems. Keynote delivered at the Minority Student Achievement Network (MSAN) Conference, Madison, WI.


Bal, A. (2013, March). Beyond cultural awareness: How can school districts lead culturally responsive, sustainable systemic transformation to address disproportionality? Keynote delivered at the Minority Student Achievement Network (MSAN) Conference, Chicago, IL.


Bal, A. (2012, April). Using district disproportionality data in improvement planning to support change. Keynote delivered at the Wisconsin Culturally Responsive Education for All: Training and Enhancement Center (CREATE) Conference, Green Bay, WI.



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